Impact: The force exerted by a new idea, concept, technology, or ideology. Having influence or effect, e.g., The Essentials of Doctoral Education for Advanced Nursing Practice has had significant impact on the education of nurses (Dictonary.com, 2017a).
Implementation Science: The study of integrating research findings into healthcare practice and policy by understanding facilitators and barriers to the uptake of evidence (NIH, n.d.). The goal is to determine which factors promote the use of innovations in practice to the fullest extent and in the most effective way possible (National Implementation Research Network, 2015)
Improvement Science: A multidisciplinary applied science that seeks to improve healthcare processes and outcomes through quality improvement strategies such as innovation and rapid cycle testing in real-world environments (National Institutes of Children's Health Quality, 2017).