Graduate Competencies And Recommendations for Educating Nursing Students (G-CARES, 2nd. ed.)
Advanced-level nurses should achieve the following by the end of their formal nursing education:
- Articulate the value of palliative care to patients, families, interprofessional team members, and the public.
- Facilitate access to palliative care as standard practice across the disease trajectory and healthcare settings for persons with serious illness and their families.
- Respond to dynamic changes in population demographics, socio-economic factors, the healthcare system, and emerging technologies to improve outcomes for persons with serious illness and their families.
- Demonstrate leadership guided by principles of ethics, social justice, equity, and moral courage in the advancement of quality palliative care.
- Engage in strategic partnerships with interprofessional colleagues and community stakeholders to influence policies and quality improvement activities related to primary palliative care.
- Contribute to the development and translation of evidence-based palliative care practice in clinical, administrative, and academic settings.
- Utilize advanced palliative care communication skills with patients, families, and team members as appropriate to one’s functional area of nursing practice and the professional context.
- Promote delivery of care that supports holistic assessment and management of pain and symptoms common in serious illness at the full scope of practice.
- Collaborate with healthcare team members to coordinate culturally sensitive, patient-centered, and family-focused palliative care across care settings.
- Consult with specialty services for complex palliative care issues that exceed one’s functional area of practice and educational preparation.
- Advocate for environments of care that uphold the dignity of the patient and family during the dying process and after death through culturally sensitive and compassionate end-of-life care.
- Contribute to an environment that fosters well-being for self, patients, families, and team members to cope with suffering, grief, loss, and bereavement.
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