AACN Essentials

The Essentials

Essentials References

AACN is compiling a list of of references for the AACN 2021 Essentials. If you have an article to share, please contact AACN's Chief Communications Officer, Robert Rosseter at rrosseter@aacnnursing.org

Altmiller, G. (2023). Curriculum Mapping for Competency-Based Education: Collecting Objective Data. Nurse Educator, 48(5), 287. DOI:10.1097/NNE.0000000000001462

Altmiller, G., Jimenez, F. A., & Wilson, C. (2024, July-August). Screen-Based Patient Simulation: An Exemplar for Developing and Assessing Competency. Nurse Educator, 49(4), 179-183.  https://doi.org/10.1097/nne.000000000000158

Antonelli, M. T., Poza, R., Richards, R., & Vitello, J. (2024). Development of a Master of Science, Nursing and Interprofessional Leadership Program: AACN Essentials in Action. Journal of Professional Nursing, 51(1), 27–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2024.01.005

Barnes, R., Remick, J., Hughes-Gay, M., Opsahl, A., Townsend, C., Lash, R., & Bartlett Ellis, R. J. (2023). The AACN Essentials Journey. Journal of Professional Nursing, 46(X), 19–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2022.11.010

Beasley, B., Reeves, N., & Riley, E. (2023). Introduction to Digital Health Course. Journal of Professional Nursing, 49, 64–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2023.09.002

Cline, G. J., Rinaldi, K., Pryor, S., & Messer, M. (2024). Preparing Nurse Educator Students for the New National Council of State Boards of Nursing NCLEX and AACN Essentials. Journal of Nursing Education, 63(3), 192–196. https://doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20231128-01

Cline, G., & Rinaldi, K. (2023). A Compelling Case for the Use of Backward Design to Advance Competency-Based Nursing Education. Nurse Educator, 48(5), E168-E169. https://doi.org/10.1097/nne.0000000000001388

Coleman, C. (2023). American Association of Colleges of Nursing: New Essentials, Quality and Safety Domain. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 27(2), 199-203. https://doi.org/10.1188/23.cjon.199-203

Conklin, T. M. (2022). Improving Patient Outcomes While Applying New AACN Essentials to Clinical Nursing Education. Nurse Educator, 48(1), 57–57. https://doi.org/10.1097/nne.0000000000001270

DeBlieck, C. J., Correa, P., Whitten, L. J., Gross, M., Blanchette, L. P., Darnall, T. E., & Hernández, C. (2023). A Crosswalk of Foundational BSN Population Health Documents and the AACN Essentials. Public Health Nursing, 40(5), 717–723. https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.13213

Dolansky, M. A., Dick, T., Byrd, E., Miltner, R. S., & Layton, S. S. (2023). The QSEN Competency Legacy Threaded Through the Entry-Level AACN Essentials. Nurse Educator, 49(2), 73–79. https://doi.org/10.1097/nne.0000000000001511

Dugan, M. A., & Altmiller, G. (2023). AACN Essentials and Nurse Practitioner Education: Competency-Based Case Studies Grounded in Authentic Practice. Journal of Professional Nursing, 46, 59–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2023.02.003

Flaten, C. B., Pechacek, J. M., Potter, T. M., & Mueller, C. (2023). Planetary Health in Nursing Curricula: How One School Transformed Nursing Curricula as They Integrated Planetary Health Concepts with the 2021 AACN Essentials. Journal of Professional Nursing, 49, 52–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2023.08.010

Galura, S., & Warshawsky, N. (2022). Initial Evaluation of a Doctor of Nursing Practice – Executive Track Program: The Development of a Three-Year Process to Implement the New AACN Essentials. Journal of Professional Nursing, 42, 276–280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2022.07.014

Giddens, J. (2020). Demystifying concept-based and competency-based approaches. Journal of Nursing Education, 59(3):123-124. https://doi: 10.3928/01484834-20200220-01

Giddens, J., Douglas, J.P. & Conroy, S. (2022). The Revised AACN Essentials: Implications for Nursing Regulation. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 12(4), 16-22.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S2155-8256(22)00009-6

Giddens, J. F., & Mullaney, S. (2023). Incorporating the AACN Essentials ‘Spheres of Care’ into Nursing Curricula. Journal of Professional Nursing, 47, 9–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2023.03.015

Gray, K., Miller, J. M., & Manning, M. L. (2023). Aligning the Post Master’s DNP with the 2021 AACN Essentials. Journal of Professional Nursing, 46, 65–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2022.11.007

Hampton, D., Melander, S., Tovar, E., Falls, C., Makowski, A., Grubbs, A. B., Chitwood, H., & Scott, L. (2024). Value of Miller’s Pyramid for Clinical Skills Assessment in the Evaluation of Competency for Nurse Practitioner Students. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 20(4), 104952. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2024.104952

Jenkins-Weintaub, E., Goodwin, M., & Fingerhood, M. (2023). Competency-Based Evaluation: Collaboration and Consistency from Academia to Practice. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 35(2), 142–149. https://doi.org/10.1097/jxx.0000000000000830

Kavanagh, J. & Sharpnack, P. (2021) Crisis in competency: A defining moment in nursing education. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 26(1), Manuscript 2. Accessible online at https://www.doi.org/10.3912/OJIN.Vol26No01Man02

Leaver, C., Stanley, J. & Goodwin Veenema, T. (2022). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the future of nursing education. Academic Medicine, 97(3S), S82-S89. https://doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000004528

Mainous, R. O., Dunlap, J. J., & Brewer, T. L. (2023). Realizing the DNP as Envisioned: Moving Toward Consistent Nomenclature, Curricula, and Outcomes. Nursing Outlook, 71(3), 101969. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2023.101969

Martin, D. R., & Furr, S. B. (2023). Through the Lens of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing’s (AACN) New Essentials: Integration of Human Trafficking Education and Simulation Within Baccalaureate Nursing Curricula. Journal of Professional Nursing, 47, 31–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2023.04.003

McCurren, C., Trautman, D., & Rosseter, R. (2024). Response to “DNP Preparation of Primary Care Nurse Practitioners and Clinical Outcomes of Patients with Chronic Conditions” (Nursing Outlook, May/June 2023). Nursing Outlook, 72(1), 102055. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2023.102055

Moreau, K.A. (2021). Exploring the connection between programmatic assessment and program evaluation within competency-based medical education programs. Medical Teacher, 43(3), 250-252. https://doi:10.1080/0142159X.2020.1841128

Mueller-Burke, D., Bindon, S., Akintade, B., & Idzik, S. (2024). The AACN Essentials: An Intentional Framework for Successful Implementation. Journal of Professional Nursing, 52, 62–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2024.03.009

Norman-Eck, R., Chandler, T., Boyd, B., DeCotes, C., Winters, N., Palmer, L., & Levitt, C. (2023). Meeting the AACN’s Essentials for Competency-Based Education with Hands-Free Video-Recorded Skills Assessment. Journal of Nursing Education, 62(12), 733–736. https://doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20231108-01

Potthoff, M., Kirkpatrick, A. J., & Jizba, T. A. (2023). Interprofessional Primary Palliative Care: Do the AACN Essentials Prepare Nurses for Collaborative Practice? Journal of Professional Nursing, 46, 197–204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2023.03.017

Rivera-Burciaga, A. R., Palacios, M., & Kemery, S. A. (2022). Educating for Equity in Palliative Care: Implications of the Future of Nursing 2030 Report. Journal of Professional Nursing, 42, 134–139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2022.06.012

Robinson, J., Jagiello, K. P., McElroy, L., LoVerde, J., Jowell, V., Good, P., & Brink, S. (2024, July-August). Competency-Based Education in RN to BSN Programs. Nurse Educator, 49(4), 195-199. https://doi.org/10.1097/nne.0000000000001604

Saunders, M.M. (2022, May/June). The Implications of the New Essentials on the CNS Profession—Let's Respond! Clinical Nurse Specialist, 36(3), 129-130. https://doi:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000668

Sharifi, C., Alcorn, K., Downey, K., Hinton, E. G., Sender, J., & Ver Steeg, J. (2022). AACN Essentials: Librarians as Partners in Successful Implementation. Journal of Professional Nursing, 42, A3-A5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2022.07.019

Sirianni, G., Takahashi, S., & Myers, J. (2020). Taking stock of what is known about faculty development on competency-based medical education: A scoping review paper. Medical Teacher, 42(8), 909-915. https://doi:10.1080/0142159X.2020.1763285

Stachowiak, M. (2023). Using the DNP Project to Validate the AACN Essentials Level II Sub-Competencies. Nurse Educator, 49(3), 175–177. https://doi.org/10.1097/nne.0000000000001531

Vortman, R., Stogis, S., & Kirkbride, G. (2022). Envisioning the New AACN Essentials in a Competency-Based DNP Strategic and Financial Business Planning Course. Journal of Professional Nursing, 42, 231–238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2022.07.011

Welch, T. D., & Smith, T. B. (2022). AACN Essentials as the Conceptual Thread of Nursing Education. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 46(3), 234–244. https://doi.org/10.1097/naq.0000000000000541

Wells-Beede, E., Sharpnack, P., Gruben, D., Klenke-Borgmann, L., Goliat, L., & Yeager, C. (2023). A Scoping Review of Nurse Educator Competencies. Nurse Educator, 48(5), 234–239. https://doi.org/10.1097/nne.0000000000001376

Wilson, M. L., Stover Nichols, L. M., & Rudner, N. (2023). Nursing and the Evolution of Population Health. American Nurse Journal, 18(6), 53–57. https://doi.org/10.51256/anj062353



Publish Your Work

The Journal of Professional Nursing is AACN’s peer-reviewed official journal and is the leading source for scholarly publication related to the AACN 2021 Essentials and Essentials implementation in nursing education. Of particular interest are articles on how to integrate the Essentials into the curriculum and implementing competency-based education. To discuss your manuscript idea, contact editor Dr. Patricia Morton at Trish.Morton@utah.edu.