Aiken, L. H., Sloan, D., Griffiths, P. et al. (2017). Nursing skill mix in European hospitals: association with mortality, patient ratings, and quality of care. BMJ Quality & Safety, 26(7), 559- 568. DOI: 10.1136/bmjqs-2016-005567.
Aiken, L.H., Clarke, S.P., Sloane, D.M., Lake, E.T., & Cheney, T. (2008, May). Effects of hospital care environment on patient mortality and nurse outcomes. Journal of Nursing Administration, 38(5), 223-229. DOI: 10.1097/01.NNA.0000312773.42352.d7.
Aiken, L.H., Clarke, S.P., Cheung, R.B., Sloane, D.M., & Silber, J.H. (2003, September 24). Educational levels of hospital nurses and surgical patient mortality. Journal of the American Medical Association, 290, 1617-1623. DOI: 10.1001/jama.290.12.1617.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2023). 2022-2023 Enrollment and graduations in baccalaureate and graduate programs in nursing. Washington, DC: Author.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2019). Academic progression in nursing: Moving together toward a highly educated nursing workforce. Position statement. Available at https://www.aacnnursing.org/Portals/42/News/Position-Statements/Academic-Progression.pdf.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2019). Articulation agreements among nursing education programs. Fact sheet. Available at https://www.aacnnursing.org/News-Information/Fact-Sheets/Articulation-Agreements.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing, American Association of Community Colleges, Association of Community College Trustees, National League for Nursing, National Organization for Associate Degree Nursing. (2012, September). Joint statement on academic progression for nursing students and graduates. Available at https://www.aacnnursing.org/NewsInformation/Position-Statements-White-Papers/Academic-Progression.
American Organization of Nurse Executives. (2005). Practice and education partnership for the future. Washington, DC: American Organization of Nurse Executives.
Brandt Anbari, A. (2015, January-December). The RN to BSN transition: A qualitative systematic review. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 2, 1-11. DOI: 10.1177/2333393615614306.
Benner, P., Sutphen, M., Leonard, V., & Day, L. (2009). Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation. Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teach. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. DOI: 10.3928/01484834-20120402-01.
Blegen, M.A., Goode, C.J., Park, S.H., Vaughn, T., & Spetz, J. (2013, February). Baccalaureate education in nursing and patient outcomes. Journal of Nursing Administration, 43(2), 89-94. DOI: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e31827f2028.
CGFNS International (2022). Eds. Bakhshi, M., Álvarez, T.D., & Cook, K. CGFNS nurse migration report: Trends in healthcare migration to the United States. Online Report. Available at http://www.cgfns.org/2022nursemigrationreport.
Delgado, C. (2002, July/August). Competent and safe practice: a profile of disciplined registered nurses. Nurse Educator, 27(4), 159-61. DOI: 10.1097/00006223-200207000-00005.
Djukic, M., Stimpfel, A.W., & Kovner, C. (2019, March). Bachelor's degree nurse graduates report better quality and safety educational preparedness than associate degree graduates. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 45(3), 180-186. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcjq.2018.08.008.
Estabrooks, C.A., Midodzi, W.K., Cummings, G.C., Ricker, K.L., & Giovanetti, P. (2005, March/April). The impact of hospital nursing characteristics on 30-day mortality. Nursing Research, 54(2), 72-84. DOI: 10.1097/00006199-200503000-00002.
Fagin, C.M. (2001). When care becomes a burden: Diminishing access to adequate nursing. Millbank Memorial Fund, New York, NY. Available at https://www.milbank.org/publications/when-care-becomes-a-burden-diminishing-access-to-adequate-nursing.
Friese, C.R, Lake, E.T., Aiken, L.H., Silber, J.H., & Sochalski, J. (2008, August). Hospital nurse practice environments and outcomes for surgical oncology patients. Health Services Research, 43(4), 1145-1163. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2007.00825.x.
Goode, C.J., Pinkerton, S., McCausland, M.P., Southard, P., Graham, R., & Krsek, C. (2001). Documenting chief nursing officers' preference for BSN-prepared nurses. Journal of Nursing Administration, 31(2). 55-59. DOI: 10.1097/00005110-200102000-00002.
Graff, C., Roberts, K., & Thornton, K. (1999). An ethnographic study of differentiated practice in an operating room. Journal of Professional Nursing, 15(6), 364-371. DOI: 10.1016/s8755-7223(99)80067-2.
Harrison, J.M., Aiken, L.H., Sloane, D.M., Brooks-Carthon, J.M., Merchant, R.M., Berg, R.A., & McHugh, M.D. (2019, July). In hospitals with more nurses who have baccalaureate degrees, better outcomes for patients after cardiac arrest. Health Affairs, 38(7), 1087-1094. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2018.05064.
Institute of Medicine. (2010). The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. DOI: 10.17226/12956.
Johnson, J. (1988). Differences in the performance of baccalaureate, associate degree and diploma nurses: A meta-analysis. Research in Nursing and Health, 11, 183-197. DOI: 10.1002/nur.4770110307.
Kendall-Gallagher, D., Aiken, L., Sloane, D.M., & Cimiotti, J.P. (2011, January). Nurse specialty certification, inpatient mortality, and failure to rescue. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 43(2), 188- 194. DOI: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2011.01391.x.
Kramer, M. & Schmalenberg, C. (1988). Magnet hospitals: Part I, Institutions of excellence. Journal of Nursing Administration, 18(1), 13-24. DOI:10.1024/1012-5302/a000216.
Kumm, S., Godfrey, N., Martin, D., Tucci, M., Muenks, M., & Spaeth, T. (2014). Baccalaureate outcomes met by associate degree programs. Nursing Educator, 39(5), 216-220. DOI: 10.1097/NNE.0000000000000060.
Kutney-Lee, A., Sloane, D.M., & Aiken, L. (2003, March). An increase in the number of nurses with baccalaureate degrees is linked to lower rates of post-surgery mortality. Health Affairs, 32(3), 579-586. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2012.0504.
McHugh, M.D., Kelly, L.A., Smith, H.L., Wu, E.S., Vanak, J.M., & Aiken, L.H. (2013, May). Lower mortality in magnet hospitals. Medical Care, 51(5), 382-8. DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e3182726cc5.
National Academy of Science, Engineering, and Medicine. (2021). The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17226/25982.
National Advisory Council on Nurse Education and Practice (2000). Report to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services on the basic registered nurse workforce. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration.
National Council of State Boards of Nursing (2002). 2001 Employers survey. Chicago: Author. Available at https://www.ncsbn.org/public-files/RBrief_Employer_053.pdf.
Phillips, C.Y., Palmer, C.V., Zimmerman, B.J., & Mayfield, M. (2002). Professional development: Assuring growth of RN-to-BSN students. Journal of Nursing Education, 41(6), 282-283. DOI: 10.3928/0148-4834-20020601-10.
Porat-Dahlerbruch, J., Aiken, L.H., Lasater, K.B., Sloane, D.M., & McHugh, M.D. (2022, March). Variations in nursing baccalaureate education and 30-day inpatient surgical mortality. Nursing Outlook, 70(2), 300-308.
Smiley, R.A., Allgeyer, R.L., Shobo, Y., Lyons, K.C., Letourneau, R., Zhong, E., Kaminski-Ozturk, N., and Alexander, M. (2023, April). The 2022 National Nursing Workforce Survey. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 14(Supplement), S16-S17.
Tourangeau, A.E, Doran, D.M., McGillis Hall, L., O'Brien Pallas, L., Pringle, D., Tu, J.V., & Cranley, L.A. (2007, January). Impact of hospital nursing care on 30-day mortality for acute medical patients. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 57(1), 32-41. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.04084.x.
Tri-Council for Nursing. (2010, May). Educational advancement of registered nurses: A consensus position. Available at https://www.aacnnursing.org/Portals/42/News/5-10- TricouncilEdStatement.pdf.
Yakusheva, O., Lindrooth, R., & Weiss, M. (2014, October). Economic evaluation of the 80% baccalaureate nurse workforce recommendation: A patient-level analysis. Medical Care, 52(10), 864-869. DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000189.